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NEWSLETTER

On March 30, 2019, the Fifth Resolution of Modifications to the General Foreign Trade Rules for 2018 was published in the Official Federal Register (OFR).

The main modifications made by the Mexican Authority are presented below:

• In Rule 1.3.3, the following causes are included as grounds for suspension in the Import Registers:

o Performing customs clearance, through a consolidated pediment, made by IMMEX companies, of tariff classifications included in Annex 10, Sections A and B, without complying with the requirements established in Rule 3.1.22. (With effect from July 1, 2019).

o The importer does not withdraw the merchandise introduced to the fiscal deposit regime in a term greater than 24 months.

• Rule 1.5.4 is modified, in order to extend the obligation until July 1st, 2019 to present complementary documentation that must be presented as an attachment to the value demonstration for import operations.

• Rule 3.1.3 is modified, for the purpose of changing the authority which be responsible of the registration of sampling of sterile, radioactive, dangerous merchandise or for which special installations or equipment is required for the taking of samples must be requested. the same, which previously was the responsibility of ACOA (Central Administration of Customs Operation) in order to establish that now it will be the ACAJA (Central Administration of Legal Support of Customs of the General Administration of Customs), the one in charge of carrying out this registry.

• There are included in Rule 3.1.22., the conditions under which an IMMEX company may perform the temporary importation of goods classified in the tariff sections of Annex 10, Section A, of the Sectors 10 “Footwear”, 11 “Textile & Clothing”, 14 “Steelmaking”, and 15 ” Steelmaking Products “, as well as Section B, Sectors 8 “Iron Ore and its Components “, 9 “Gold, Silver and Copper”, 14 “Iron and Steel” and 15 “Aluminum”, and for which the following are established as requirements (with effect from July 1st, 2019):

o Accredit with its control of inventories that temporarily imported goods were returned or imported definitively within the term of permanence in accordance with the provisions of the IMMEX Decree, and

o Have an IMMEX program that has been active for at least 12 months, or has carried out foreign trade operations during the previous fiscal year.

In case the company does not comply with the aforementioned conditions, it
could comply with the following:

 Be up to date with their tax obligations, in the terms of Article 32-D of the CFF (Federation Fiscal Code), and

 Meet any of the following conditions:

 Be registered in the Registry in the Scheme of Certification of Companies.

 Have at least 100 employees registered with the IMSS (Mexican Social Security Institute).

 Provide supplies related to the maquila operation or manufacturing of any company with Registration in the Certification Scheme of companies, VAT modality and IEPS, item AAA or the terminal automotive industry with authorization of fiscal deposit.

 Belong to the same Group made up of companies that have a Registration in the Company Certification Scheme, VAT modality and IEPS, item AAA.

• Rule 4.3.21 is modified, to include as a requirement the obligation to guarantee the payment of contributions for the temporary importation by IMMEX companies of sensitive goods of Annex II and establishing as a way to guarantee the bond policies indicated by the Ministry of Economy in the Agreement that will publish the Rules and Criteria, for application of Article 5, section IV of the IMMEX Decree. The obligation to guarantee the payment of contributions will be required until the entry into force of the Agreement issued by the Ministry of Economy through which it regulates the application of Article 5, section IV of the IMMEX Decree.

• In Rule 4.4.7, the CPTTP Treaty is included, within the mechanism through which the return of goods free of taxes to foreign trade, when they have been temporarily exported to a member country of this treaty, may be made to undergo some repair or alteration process, provided that upon such return to Mexico, it is proven that such merchandise has undergone a process or operation that destroys its essential characteristics or converts it into a new or different good.

TMC Legal® professionals, we are at your disposal to support you with the interpretation and compliance with the aforementioned provisions.

carlos@tmclegal.com / Parner
karla.g@tmclegal.com / Associate
fernando.perez@tmclegal.com / Logistics & Foreign Trade

NEWSLETTER

On Mmarch 25th, 2019, it was published in Official Federal Register (OFR), a Decree through which Mexico temporary increases tariffs by 15% for the case of 186 Mexican tariff classifications of the General Import and Export Taxes (TIGIE) for steel products of the sheet plate, roll plate, cold rolled sheet, hot rolled sheet, wire rod, welded pipe, seamless pipe, coated sheet, rod and profiles.

The aforementioned measure implemented by the Mexican government is due to the persistence of the absence of conditions for distortion-free competition between the steel industries of different countries, coupled with a fall in prices and a diversion of trade due to the increase in world supply of steel, reason why the government of Mexico determined urgent and necessary to establish a temporary increase of the general import tax mentioned, applicable as of March 26, 2019 and for 180 calendar days from the date indicated.

CLASSIFICATION DESCRIPTION UNIT TAX
IMP EXP
7208.10.01 Of thickness greater than 10 mm.
Kg 15 Ex.
7208.10.02 Thickness greater than 4.75 mm but less than or equal to 10 mm.
Kg 15 Ex.
7208.10.99 Others Kg 15 Ex.
7208.25.01 Of thickness greater than 10 mm
Kg 15 Ex.
7208.25.99 Others Kg 15 Ex.
7208.26.01 Thickness greater than or equal to 3 mm but less than 4.75 mm.
Kg 15 Ex.
7208.27.01 Of thickness less than 3 mm.
Kg 15 Ex.
7208.36.01 Of thickness greater than 10 mm.
Kg 15 Ex.
7208.37.01
Of a thickness greater than or equal to 4.75 mm but less than or equal to 10 mm. Kg 15 Ex.
7208.38.01 Thickness greater than or equal to 3 mm but less than 4.75 mm.
Kg 15 Ex.
7208.39.01 Of thickness less than 3 mm.
Kg 15 Ex.
7208.40.01 With a thickness greater than 4.75 mm.
Kg 15 Ex.
7208.40.99 Others Kg 15 Ex.
7208.51.01 Of a thickness greater than 10 mm, except for those included in sections 7208.51.02 and 7208.51.03.
Kg 15 Ex.
7208.51.02 Steel plates thicker than 10 mm, SHT-80, SHT-110, AR-400, SMM-400 or A-516.
Kg 15 Ex.
7208.51.03 Steel plates thicker than 70 mm, grade A-36.
Kg 15 Ex.
7208.52.01 Of a thickness greater than or equal to 4.75 mm but less than or equal to 10 mm.
Kg 15 Ex.
7208.53.01 Thickness greater than or equal to 3 mm but less than 4.75 mm.
Kg 15 Ex.
7208.54.01 Of thickness less than 3 mm.
Kg 15 Ex.
7208.90.99 Others Kg 15 Ex.
7209.15.01
With a carbon content greater than 0.4% by weight. Kg 15 Ex.
7209.15.02 Steels whose limit of resistance to deformation is equal to or greater than 355 MPa.
Kg 15 Ex.
7209.15.03 Steels to porcelain in exposed parts.
Kg 15 Ex.
7209.15.99 Others. Kg 15 Ex.
7209.16.01 Thickness greater than 1 mm but less than 3 mm.
Kg 15 Ex.
7209.17.01 Of a thickness greater than or equal to 0.5 mm but less than or equal to 1 mm.
Kg 15 Ex.
7209.18.01 Of thickness less than 0.5 mm.
Kg 15 Ex.
7209.25.01 Of thickness greater than or equal to 3 mm.
Kg 15 Ex.
7209.26.01 Thickness greater than 1 mm but less than 3 mm.
. Kg 15 Ex.
7209.27.01 Of a thickness greater than or equal to 0.5 mm but less than or equal to 1 mm.
Kg 15 Ex.

7209.28.01 Of thickness less than 0.5 mm.
Kg 15 Ex.
7209.90.99 Others Kg 15 Ex.
7210.30.01 Galvanized sheets on both sides.
. Kg 15 Ex.
7210.30.99 Others. Kg 15 Ex.
7210.41.01 Galvanized sheets on both sides.
. Kg 15 Ex.
7210.41.99 Others Kg 15 Ex.
7210.49.03 Of a thickness of less than 3 mm, the strength limit of which is equal to or greater than 275 MPa, or of a thickness equal to or greater than 3 mm, whose limit of resistance to deformation is equal to or greater than 355 MPa.
Kg 15 Ex.
7210.49.99 Others. Kg 15 Ex.
7210.61.01 Coated with aluminum and zinc alloys.
. Kg 15 Ex.
7210.70.01 Painted sheets, galvanized on both sides.
Kg 15 Ex.
7210.70.99 Others Kg 15 Ex.
7211.13.01
Laminates on all four sides or in closed grooves, with a width exceeding 150 mm and a thickness of 4 mm or more, unrolled and without patterns in relief. Kg 15 Ex.
7211.14.01 Straps.
Kg 15 Ex.
7211.14.02
Hot rolled (“sheets”), of a thickness greater than or equal to 4.75 mm but less than 12 mm. Kg 15 Ex.
7211.14.99 Others. Kg 15 Ex.
7211.19.01 Strapping with thickness less than 4.75 mm.
Kg 15 Ex.
7211.19.02 Hot rolled (“sheets”), with a thickness greater than or equal to 1.9 mm, but less than 4.75 mm.
Kg 15 Ex.
7211.19.03 Slabs in roll for sheets (“Coils”).
Kg 15 Ex.
7211.19.04 Hot rolled sheets, with a width of more than 500 mm. but less than 600 mm. and thickness equal to or greater than 1.9 mm but less than 4.75 mm.
Kg 15 Ex.
7211.19.99 Others. Kg 15 Ex.
7211.23.01 Strips of thickness equal to or greater than 0.05 mm.
Kg 15 Ex.
7211.23.02 Cold rolled sheets with a thickness greater than 0.46 mm without exceeding 3.4 mm.
Kg 15 Ex.
7211.23.99 Others. Kg 15 Ex.
7211.29.01 Strips of thickness equal to or greater than 0.05 mm with a carbon content of less than 0.6%.
Kg 15 Ex.
7211.29.02 Straps with a carbon content equal to or greater than 0.6%.
Kg 15 Ex.
7211.29.03 Cold rolled sheets with a thickness greater than 0.46 mm without exceeding 3.4 mm.
Kg 15 Ex.
7211.29.99 Others Kg 15 Ex.
7211.90.99 Others Kg 15 Ex.

7212.20.01 Straps.
Kg 15 Ex.
7212.20.02 Galvanised by the two faces, of width superior to 500 mm.
Kg 15 Ex.
7212.20.99 Others. Kg 15 Ex.
7212.30.01 Straps
Kg 15 Ex.
7212.30.02 Galvanised on both sides, with a width greater than 500 mm.
Kg 15 Ex.
7212.30.99 Others. Kg 15 Ex.
7212.40.01 Veneers coated with silicone varnish.
Kg 15 Ex.
7212.40.02 Of total thickness equal to or greater than 0.075 mm without exceeding 0.55 mm with plastic coating on one or both sides.
Kg 15 Ex.
7212.40.03 Galvanised on both sides, with a width greater than 500 mm.
Kg 15 Ex.
7212.40.99 Others. Kg 15 Ex.
7213.10.01 With notches, cords, grooves or reliefs, produced in the laminate.
Kg 15 Ex.
7213.20.01 The others, of easy mechanization steel.
Kg 15 Ex.
7213.91.01 With a carbon content of less than 0.4% by weight.
Kg 15 Ex.
7213.91.02
With a carbon content equal to or greater than 0.4% by weight. Kg 15 Ex.
7213.99.01 Steel wire rod with a maximum carbon content of 0.13%, 0.1% maximum silicon, and a minimum aluminum content of 0.02%, by weight.
Kg 15 Ex.
7213.99.99 Others. Kg 15 Ex.
7214.20.01 Corrugated rods or bars for armor, for cement or concrete.
Kg 15 Ex.
7214.30.01 The others, of easy mechanization steel.
Kg 15 Ex.
7214.91.01 With a carbon content of less than 0.25% by weight.
Kg 15 Ex.
7214.91.02
With a carbon content greater than or equal to 0.25% but less than 0.6% by weight. Kg 15 Ex.
7214.91.99 Others Kg 15 Ex.
7214.99.01 With a carbon content of less than 0.25% by weight.
Kg 15 Ex.
7214.99.02 With a carbon content greater than or equal to 0.25% but less than 0.6% by weight.
Kg 15 Ex.
7214.99.99 Others Kg 15 Ex.
7216.10.01 Profiles in U, in I or in H, simply laminated or extruded in hot, of height less than 80 mm.
Kg 15 Ex.
7216.21.01 Profiles in L. Kg 15 Ex.
7216.22.01 Profiles in T. Kg 15 Ex.
7216.31.01 Whose thickness does not exceed 23 cm, except that included in section 7216.31.02.
Kg 15 Ex.
7216.31.02 Whose thickness is equal to or greater than 13 cm, without exceeding 20 cm.
Kg 15 Ex.

7216.31.99 Others. Kg 15 Ex.
7216.32.01 Whose thickness does not exceed 23 cm, except what is included in section 7216.32.02.
Kg 15 Ex.
7216.32.02
Whose thickness is equal to or greater than 13 cm, without exceeding 20 cm. Kg 15 Ex.
7216.32.99 Others. Kg 15 Ex.
7216.33.01 Profiles in H, except the one included in section 7216.33.02.
Kg 15 Ex.
7216.40.01 Profiles in L or T, simply laminated or extruded in hot, with a height greater than or equal to 80 mm.
Kg 15 Ex.
7216.50.99 Others. Kg 15 Ex.
7216.61.99 Others. Kg 15 Ex.
7219.33.01 Thickness greater than 1 mm but less than 3 mm.
Kg 15 Ex.
7219.34.01 Of a thickness greater than or equal to 0.5 mm but less than or equal to 1 mm.
Kg 15 Ex.
7219.90.99 Others. Kg 15 Ex.
7225.19.99 Others. Kg 15 Ex.
7225.30.01
With a carbon content less than or equal to 0.01% by weight, and the following elements, considered individually or together: titanium between 0.02% and 0.15% by weight, niobium between 0.01% and 0.03% by weight. Kg 15 Ex.
7225.30.02 With a boron content equal to or greater than 0.0008%, thicker than 10 mm.
Kg 15 Ex.
7225.30.03
With a boron content equal to or greater than 0.0008%, of a thickness greater than or equal to 4.75 mm but less than or equal to 10 mm. Kg 15 Ex.
7225.30.04 With a boron content equal to or greater than 0.0008%, of a thickness greater than or equal to 3 mm, but less than 4.75 mm.
Kg 15 Ex.
7225.30.05 With a boron content equal to or greater than 0.0008%, thickness less than 3 mm.
Kg 15 Ex.
7225.30.06 Made of fast steel
Kg 15 Ex.
7225.30.99 Others. Kg 15 Ex.
7225.40.01 With a boron content equal to or greater than 0.0008%, thicker than 10 mm.
Kg 15 Ex.
7225.40.02 With a boron content equal to or greater than 0.0008%, of a thickness greater than or equal to 4.75 mm but less than or equal to 10 mm.
Kg 15 Ex.
7225.40.03 With a boron content equal to or greater than 0.0008%, of a thickness greater than or equal to 3 mm, but less than 4.75 mm.
Kg 15 Ex.
7225.40.04 With a boron content equal to or greater than 0.0008%, thickness less than 3 mm.
Kg 15 Ex.
7225.40.05 Made of fast steel
. Kg 15 Ex.
7225.40.99 Others Kg 15 Ex.
7225.50.01 With a boron content equal to or greater than 0.0008%, and thickness greater than or equal to 3 mm, rolled.
Kg 15 Ex.

7225.50.02 With a boron content equal to or greater than 0.0008%, and a thickness of more than 1 mm, but less than 3 mm, rolled up.
Kg 15 Ex.
7225.50.03 With a boron content equal to or greater than 0.0008%, and a thickness greater than or equal to 0.5 mm but less than or equal to 1 mm, rolled.
Kg 15 Ex.
7225.50.04 With a boron content equal to or greater than 0.0008%, and thickness less than 0.5 mm, rolled.
Kg 15 Ex.
7225.50.05 With a boron content equal to or greater than 0.0008%, without coiling.
Kg 15 Ex.
7225.50.06 Made of fast steel
Kg 15 Ex.
7225.50.99 Others. Kg 15 Ex.
7225.91.01 Galvanised electrolytically.
Kg 15 Ex.
7225.92.01 Galvanised of other form Kg 15 Ex.
7225.99.99 Others. Kg 15 Ex.
7226.19.99 Others. Kg 15 Ex.
7226.91.01 Of a width greater than 500 mm, except for those included in sections 7226.91.02, 7226.91.03, 7226.91.04, 7226.91.05 and 7226.91.06.
Kg 15 Ex.
7226.91.02 With a boron content equal to or greater than 0.0008%, and thickness greater than or equal to 3 mm, rolled.
Kg 15 Ex.
7226.91.03 With a boron content equal to or greater than 0.0008%, and a thickness of more than 1 mm, but less than 3 mm, rolled up.
Kg 15 Ex.
7226.91.04 With a boron content equal to or greater than 0.0008%, and a thickness greater than or equal to 0.5 mm but less than or equal to 1 mm, rolled.
Kg 15 Ex.
7226.91.05 With a boron content equal to or greater than 0.0008%, and thickness less than 0.5 mm, rolled.
Kg 15 Ex.
7226.91.06 With a boron content equal to or greater than 0.0008%, without coiling.
Kg 15 Ex.
7226.91.99 Others. Kg 15 Ex.
7226.92.01 With a boron content equal to or greater than 0.0008%, and thickness greater than or equal to 3 mm, rolled.
Kg 15 Ex.
7226.92.02
With a boron content equal to or greater than 0.0008%, and a thickness of more than 1 mm, but less than 3 mm, rolled up. Kg 15 Ex.
7226.92.03 With a boron content equal to or greater than 0.0008%, and a thickness greater than or equal to 0.5 mm but less than or equal to 1 mm, rolled.
Kg 15 Ex.
7226.92.04 With a boron content equal to or greater than 0.0008%, and thickness less than 0.5 mm, rolled.
Kg 15 Ex.
7226.92.05 With a boron content equal to or greater than 0.0008%, without coiling.
Kg 15 Ex.
7226.92.99 Others. Kg 15 Ex.
7226.99.01 Galvanised electrolytically
. Kg 15 Ex.
7226.99.02 Galvanised of other form. Kg 15 Ex.
7226.99.99 Others Kg 15 Ex.
7227.10.01 Made of fast steel
Kg 15 Ex.

7227.20.01 Silicomanganese steel
Kg 15 Ex.
7227.90.01 Steel grade tool.
Kg 15 Ex.
7227.90.99 Others. Kg 15 Ex.
7228.30.99 Others. Kg 15 Ex.
7228.70.01 Profiles Kg 15 Ex.
7304.19.01 Hot-rolled pipes, uncoated or other surface works, including lacquered or lacquered hot-rolled pipes: outer diameter less than or equal to 114.3 mm and wall thickness equal to or greater than 4 mm but not exceeding 19.5 mm.
Kg 15 Ex.
7304.19.02 Hot rolled pipes, uncoated or other surface works, including lacquered or lacquered hot-rolled pipes: outer diameter exceeding 114.3 mm without exceeding 406.4 mm and wall thickness equal to or greater than 6.35 mm not exceeding 38.1 mm .
Kg 15 Ex.
7304.19.03 Hot-rolled pipes, uncoated or other surface works, including lacquered or lacquered hot-rolled pipes: outer diameter exceeding 406.4 mm and wall thickness equal to or greater than 9.52 mm but not exceeding 31.75 mm.
Kg 15 Ex.
7304.19.99 Others. Kg 15 Ex.
7304.23.01
Drill pipe, hot-rolled, with outer diameter equal to or greater than 60.3 mm, not exceeding 168.3 mm, with threaded ends. Kg 15 Ex.
7304.29.01 Casing tubes, hot-rolled, with threaded ends, with an outer diameter equal to or greater than 114.3 mm but not exceeding 346.1 mm
Kg 15 Ex.
7304.29.02 Tubes of casing (“Casing”), hot rolled, with threaded ends, of external diameter equal to or greater than 460.4 mm without exceeding 508 mm
Kg 15 Ex.
7304.29.03 Tubes of casing (“Casing”), hot-rolled, unthreaded, with an outer diameter equal to or greater than 114.3 mm but not exceeding 346.1 mm.
Kg 15 Ex.
7304.29.04 Tubes of casing (“Casing”), hot-rolled, unthreaded, with an outer diameter equal to or greater than 460.4 mm but not exceeding 508 mm.
Kg 15 Ex.
7304.29.05 Tubes of production (“Tubing”), hot-rolled, threaded, with outer diameter less than or equal to 114.3 mm.
Kg 15 Ex.
7304.29.06 Tubes of production (“Tubing”), hot-rolled, unthreaded, with an external diameter less than or equal to 114.3 mm.
Kg 15 Ex.
7304.29.99 others. Kg 15 Ex.
7304.39.05 Tubos llamados “térmicos” o de “conducción”, sin recubrimiento o trabajos de superficie, incluidos los tubos llamados “térmicos” o de “conducción” laqueados o barnizados: de diámetro exterior inferior o igual a 114.3 mm y espesor de pared igual o superior a 4 mm, sin exceder 19.5 mm. Kg 15 Ex.

7304.39.06 Tubes called “thermal” or “conduction”, uncoated or surface works, including tubes called “thermal” or “conduction” lacquered or varnished: outer diameter less than or equal to 114.3 mm and wall thickness equal to or greater to 4 mm, without exceeding 19.5 mm.
Tubes called “thermal” or “conduction”, uncoated or other surface works, including so-called “thermal” or “conduction” tubes lacquered or varnished: outer diameter greater than 114.3 mm without exceeding 406.4 mm and thickness of wall equal to or greater than 6.35 mm without exceeding 38.1 mm.
Kg 15 Ex.
7304.39.07 Tubes called “thermal” or “conduction”, uncoated or other surface works, including so-called “thermal” or “conduction” tubes lacquered or varnished: outer diameter exceeding 406.4 mm and wall thickness equal to or greater than 9.52 mm without exceeding 31.75 mm.
Kg 15 Ex.
7304.39.99 Others. Kg 15 Ex.
7305.11.01 With wall thickness less than 50.8 mm Kg 15 Ex.
7305.11.99 Others. Kg 15 Ex.
7305.12.01 With wall thickness less than 50.8 mm.
Kg 15 Ex.
7305.12.99 Others. Kg 15 Ex.
7305.19.01 With wall thickness less than 50.8 mm.
Kg 15 Ex.
7305.19.99 Others. Kg 15 Ex.
7305.20.01 With wall thickness less than 50.8 mm.
Kg 15 Ex.
7305.31.99 Others. Kg 15 Ex.
7305.39.99 Others. Kg 15 Ex.
7306.19.99 Others. Kg 15 Ex.
7306.29.99 Others. Kg 15 Ex.
7306.30.01 Galvanized, except what is included in section 7306.30.02.
Kg 15 Ex.
7306.30.02 Steel tube, low carbon, dip galvanized, with external diameter equal to or greater than 3.92 mm but less than or equal to 4.08 mm, and wall thickness equal to or greater than 0.51 mm but less than or equal to 0.77 mm.
Kg 15 Ex.
7306.30.99 Others. Kg 15 Ex.
7306.40.99 Others. Kg 15 Ex.
7306.50.99 Others. Kg 15 Ex.
7306.61.01 Of square or rectangular section.
Kg 15 Ex.
7306.69.99 Others. Kg 15 Ex.
7306.90.99 Others. Kg 15 Ex.
7307.23.99 Others. Kg 15 Ex.
7308.20.01 Recognizable towers as conceived exclusively for electric power conduction.
Kg 15 Ex.
7308.20.99 Others. Kg 15 Ex.
7308.30.01 Doors, windows and their frames.
Kg 15 Ex.
7308.30.99 Others. Kg 15 Ex.
7308.90.99 Others. Kg 15 Ex.

Similarly, and in order to prevent the mentioned increase from impacting production chains and maintaining competitiveness in the most sensitive industrial sectors such as electricity, electronics, automotive and auto parts, the PROSEC Decree is also modified in order to incorporate the following Mexican tariff classifications to Article I and II, of such Decree:

I. …
Tariff Classification Import Tax
7208.39.01 Ex
7208.51.01 Ex
7211.29.02 Ex
II.
a. …
b. …

Tariff Classification Import Tax

7225.19.99 Ex

III. a XVIII. ….

XIX …

Tariff Classification Import Tax

7208.2601 Ex
7208.27.01 Ex
7209.16.01 Ex
7209.17.01 Ex
7211.29.02 Ex
7225.30.99 Ex
7225.40.01 Ex

XX. a XXIV ….”

Ciudad de México, a 18 de mayo de 2018.

TMC LEGAL®- SERVICIOS PI
NEWSLETTER

Reformas a la Ley de la Propiedad Industrial, en materia de Marcas, Diseños Industriales, Denominaciones de Origen e Indicaciones Geográficas.

En fechas 13 de marzo y 18 de mayo de 2018, se publicaron en el Diario Oficial de la Federación, disposiciones que reforman y adicionan la Ley de la Propiedad Industrial, mismas que entraron en vigor el 27 de abril de 2018 y la segunda que entrará en vigor el próximo 10 de agosto de 2018.

Respecto a las Marcas:

• Amplia el concepto de marca, para incluir los signos distintivos perceptibles por los sentidos (marcas sonoras y olfativas).
• Incorpora como no registrables las expresiones “género”, “tipo”, “imitación”, “producido en” u otras similares como signos distintivos.
• Actualiza los impedimentos de registro de marcas (por mala fe), cuando estos se soliciten de mala fe evitando el secuestro o trolls de registros marcarios.
• Incorpora la distintividad adquirida de las marcas por el uso y percepción del consumidor en el transcurso del tiempo (second meaning)
• Amplia la regulación de las marcas colectivas y otorgar registros para “Marcas de Certificación”. Incorpora las leyendas; “Marca Colectiva Registrada” o “Marca de Certificación Registrada”, bajo las siglas MR o el símbolo ®
• Incluye la obligación de declarar el uso real y efectivo de las marcas durante los 3 meses posteriores a partir de la fecha en que se cumpla el tercer aniversario de haberse otorgado el registro y, al solicitar su renovación correspondiente. Siendo que en el supuesto de que el titular no declare el uso el registro caducara de pleno derecho.
• La protección de la figura de Imagen Comercial, así como de Elementos Operativos de Imagen (conocido como trade dress).
• Regular el sistema de oposición adversarial.

Nota. – Por lo demás estaríamos a la espera de la reforma del Reglamento de la Ley de la Propiedad Industrial para adecuarlo a estas nuevas disposiciones, de cual les estaremos informando en los próximos días.

Respecto a los Diseños Industriales:

• Se reconoce el carácter de “Diseñador” al creador de un diseño industrial, antes denominado “inventor”.
• Se regulan los conceptos de: “creación independiente” y “grado significativo” relacionados con el requisito de novedad, para la protección del diseño industrial.
• Se modifica la vigencia del registro a cinco años renovables por periodos sucesivos de la misma duración y hasta un máximo de 25 años.
• Regula como supuesto de caducidad la no renovación del registro.

Respecto a las disposiciones generales de patentes de invención, modelos de utilidad y diseños industriales:

• Reconoce como derecho irrenunciable el ser mencionado con carácter de inventor o diseñador en la publicación de solicitudes y títulos.
• Publica en la Gaceta de la Propiedad Industrial las solicitudes de registro de modelo de utilidad y diseños industriales, una vez aprobado el examen de forma.

Respecto a las Denominaciones de Origen e Indicaciones Geográficas:

• Modifica la definición de Denominación de Origen.
• Introduce la protección a Indicaciones Geográficas para alinear la legislación de PI en México con la nueva versión Tratado Comercial con la Unión Europea.
• Establece un procedimiento común para el trámite de una solicitud de declaración de protección y un procedimiento para la autorización de su uso.
• Incorpora disposiciones para el reconocimiento a las denominaciones de origen e indicaciones geográficas protegidas en el extranjero.
• Incorpora infracciones administrativas y tipifica delitos relacionados con las denominaciones de origen y las indicaciones geográficas.

En relación a lo anterior estamos a su disposición para cualquier duda y comentarios -TMC® IP Services (Luis Mojica: luis@tmclegal.com, Pamela Moscosa: pamela.m@tmclegal.com)

TMC Legal® professionals, we are at your disposal to support you with the interpretation and compliance with the aforementioned provisions.

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